Golf is a game of club and ball in which players use different clubs to strike the balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strikes as possible. Golf is also one of the ball games that do not needs a standardized playing area. The game is played on a course with an aligned advancement of either nine or eighteen holes. It is an individual game played by striking a ball with a club from a tee into a hole. The aim is to get the ball into the hole with the lowest number of strikes of the club.
In the 15th century Golf was introduced and first played in Scotland. Golf briskly spread to England and from there all over the world. in 1744 in Scotland The first Golf Club, The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, was introduced. The first official rule guides were published not much later. In United States, the PGA was invented in 1916 ushering professional golf. Today golf is a very popular sport with major golf tournaments attaining large number of audience both live and on television.
How to play the game
A match play is two players play each hole as a apportioned contest against each other. The party with the lower score wins that hole, or hole get “halved” if the scores of both players or teams are equal. The team with more holes win the game. If one team or player has taken a lead that cannot be overwhelmed in the number of holes left to be played, the match is presumed to be won by the party in the lead. For example, if one party already has a lead of six holes, and only five holes left to be played on the course, the match is over and the winning party is presumed to have won “6 & 5”. At any given point, if the leading numbers of holes are equal to the number of holes left, the party leading the match is said to be “dormie” and the match is continued unless the party increases the lead by single hole or ties any of the remaining holes, until the match ends in a tie with the lead player’s aspirant winning all remaining holes. When the game is tied after the destined number of holes have been played, it may be continued until one side takes a one-hole lead.
Scoring in golf
The goal has to play as few strokes per round as possible. A golfer’s score is defined as the difference between the par score and the number of strokes of player. When a player sinks his ball from the tee into the cup with his first stroke then a hole occurs. Common scores for a hole also have specific terms.
Numeric term Name Definition
−4 Condor (four strokes under par)
−3 Albatross (three strokes under par)
−2 Eagle ( two strokes under par)
−1 Birdie (one stroke under par)
E Par is equal to par
+1 Bogey (one stroke over par)
+2 Double bogey (two strokes over par)
+3 Triple bogey ( three strokes over par)
The two main Equipment that golfer needs to play golf are a golf club and a golf ball.
1. Golf Clubs
Each golfer can only 14 golf clubs in their bag. Some of the clubs are numbered. The number refers to the angle of the club. The lower the number of the club the lower the angle . So a 1 iron will have very little angle allowing the ball to go further on a lower trajectory while a 9 iron will have a lot of angles and will help the ball to hit high into the air.
There are three types of golf clubs:
2. Golf Balls
A Golf balls is of minimum diameter (1.68 inches) and weight (1.62 ounces) according the rules. The materials that the ball is made of will affect the discrimination of the ball when hit. A harder ball will travel far, but a softer ball will allow the golfer to keep the control about the spin and distance.